SIMEDHealth

Why Everyone Should Get Their Immunizations

It is August, which means school is right around the corner, and flu season will be upon us before we know it. Now is the time to make sure you and your children are up to date on your vaccinations.  We spoke to primary care physician Dr. Kamal Singh about immunizations and how they spread.

Vaccines are like a training course for the immune system. They prepare the body to fight disease without exposing it to symptoms. When foreign bacteria or viruses enter the body, immune cells respond by producing antibodies. "These antibodies fight the invader known as an antigen and protect against further infection," says Dr. Singh.

Unfortunately, the first time the body faces an invader, it can take several days to ramp up this antibody response. Dr. Singh says, "For severe antigens like the measles virus or whooping cough bacteria, a few days is too long." The infection can spread and kill the person before the immune system can fight back.

Vaccines are safe and given to millions of healthy people - including children - to prevent serious diseases. Every licensed and recommended vaccine goes through years of safety testing, including:

  • Testing before it's licensed by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and approved for use by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).
  • Monitoring the safety after approval for infants, children, and adults. Once it is approved, it continues testing. The company that makes the vaccine tests batches it to make sure the vaccine is:
    • Potent
    • Pure
    • Sterile

The FDA reviews the results of these tests and inspects the immunization producing factories. These inspections ensure the vaccine meets standards for both quality and safety.

Dr. Singh says, "The U.S. has one of the most advanced systems in the world for tracking vaccine safety." Each of the infection systems below supplies a different type of data for researchers to analyze. Together, they help provide a full picture of vaccine safety.

By understanding how people can catch an infectious disease, you can then take effective action in preventing their spread.

Infectious diseases have different ways of spreading from person to person. Through the air, through direct contact, and contaminated objects or surfaces are the three primary ways.

Childhood immunizations can seem overwhelming when you are a new parent. Dr. Singh says, "Vaccine schedules recommended by the agencies and organization, such as the CDC, the American Academy of Pediatrics, and the American Academy of Family Physicians cover about 14 different diseases."

Vaccinations not only protect your child from deadly diseases, but they also keep other children safe by eliminating or significantly decreasing dangerous illnesses.

Dr. Singh says, "Contraindications or conditions in a recipient that increases the risk for a severe adverse reaction and precautions to immunizations are good reasons not to receive a vaccine." Most contraindications and precautions are temporary; vaccinations often can be conducted later when the condition no longer exists.

Every vaccine has a list of contraindications based on the profile of the vaccine. For example, severely sick persons generally should not receive live vaccines. Also, the presence of moderate or severe acute illness and a personal or family history of seizures are precautions to the administration of vaccines.

Dr. Singh sees patients in Gainesville, and you can click here to schedule an appointment with him!

Dr. Antje-Mareike Floegel Joins SIMEDHealth Primary Care

We are excited to announce one of our new doctors, Dr. Antje-Mareike Floegel, starts accepting patients in our Gainesville location today! Dr. Floegel is from Germany and earned her medical degree from the Humbolt University School of Medicine in Berlin, Germany. She went on to complete a family medicine residency at Tallahassee Memorial Hospital and a geriatric medicine fellowship at the Malcolm-Randall VA Medical Center here in Gainesville. 

This board-certified physician is an expert in adult and geriatric primary and preventative care such as cold and flu treatment, blood pressure management, cholesterol management, diabetes management, vaccinations, general physicals and more. 

Click here to schedule an appointment with her today!

Health Myths: Busted

Myths are often created to give an answer to something we couldn't explain. But even after the tales are disproven, they continue to be prevalent. We talked to physician and CEO Dr. Dan Duncanson about some of the more common health myths and why they are not real.

Health-Related Myth Number 1: Deodorants Cause Breast Cancer.

There are many different claims in this myth. For example, the aluminum in antiperspirants can seep into the skin through microtears created by shaving, get into the lymph nodes, and cause cancer. It is also said that parabens are another concerning ingredient in deodorants. And that breast cancer is most common in the area found close to the armpit because this breast region is closer in proximity to the armpit lymph nodes that are exposed to antiperspirants.  

Dr. Duncanson tells us that parabens and aluminum are not anything that anyone needs to worry about. Parabens are a group of compounds found in lots of different products whose primary function is to preserve whatever the product is. Makeup, skincare, and some food products contain them. 

A 2004 study done found parabens appeared in some samples of breast tissue, but the study did not show how they got there or they caused or contributed to cancer. 

A similar result occurred when testing the aluminum in antiperspirants. Only a small fraction of the aluminum in this product is absorbed. Even then, the study did not find a higher amount of aluminum in breast cancer tissue compared to healthy tissue. "The available research does not show a correlation between deodorants and breast cancers," says Dr. Duncanson. 

There is also not any hard evidence showing the location of breast cancers is related to using antiperspirants. Breast cancers typically occur in an area that has the most amount of breast tissue. For the majority of people, that would be the upper outer quadrant, the area closest to the armpit. 

Health-Related Myth Number 2: Green Mucus Means You're Sick.

Dr. Duncanson says that our mucus is our protection. "It keeps our mouth, nose, sinuses, throat, lungs, and gastrointestinal tract hydrated and is part of our defense system. When we aren't sick, our phlegm tends to run clear. But if we get a cold or sinus infection, our mucus can turn an unpleasant yellow, white, or green color. The change in color in the snot comes from an increase in white blood cells present in the phlegm, which are breaking down whatever is causing the infection," says Dr. Duncanson. 

The issue with this myth isn't that its completely untrue, its because it isn't always accurate and shouldn't be the measurement people judge their illnesses by. There may be instances where a patient's mucus is green or yellow for no reason at all. Unless a person is showing other signs or symptoms of being sick, they shouldn't assume they are ill just because of the color of their mucus. 

Health-Related Myth Number 3: Sugar Makes People Hyper.

This myth probably stemmed from a diet created by a doctor in 1965 that he thought would help children with ADHD or other attention and behavior issues. He theorized that hyperactivity was caused by artificial preservatives in foods and high amounts of sugar. This idea caught on, but research overtime did not find evidence supported it. 

In the 1990s, researchers did a study where they gave 35 boys aged 5-7 a drink with an artificial sweetener that contained no real sugar. They told half the parents that they gave the boys real sugar. Upon surveying the parents about their children's energy, those that were told their sons had real sugar reported they were more hyper than the parents who were told the sweetener contained no sugar.

Situations where kids and adults are taking in high amounts of sugar are commonly at social events like birthday parties, carnivals, or Halloween. Dr. Duncanson says this sugar high is actually just the parents' perception, and the hyperactivity may be more due to the situation than what was ingested.

Health Myth Number 4: Cracking Joints Causes Arthritis.

It seems reasonable that consistent and deliberate cracking of finger joints would down the line cause problems, for example, arthritis. Fortunately for people that crack their joints, this not valid.

Dr. Duncanson says the "cracking" noise happens for a couple of different reasons. One is due to the movement of gas and fluid bubbles in the joint. The other, which is common in the knees, is the tightening due to the movement of tendons-over tissue near the joint - a "snapping" effect occurs. 

All of this to say, as long as there isn't any forceful attempt to manipulate the joints in directions they don't want to go, there is a minimal chance any purposeful cracking is going to cause any injuries or long term ailments. 

Health Myth Number 5: You Should Drink Eight Glasses of Water a Day

In this instance, drinking eight glasses of water a day shouldn't be the standard but instead just staying hydrated should. Dr. Duncanson made it very clear that everyone is different, and everyone will need different amounts of water based on their weight, measure of physical activity, the heat outside, and more. Along with that, we get water from the foods we eat and other liquids we drink. 

Dr. Duncanson says, "It is important to stay aware of your thirst,"  and that will be the best measure for how much fluid needed per day. "Remember, anything you drink is mostly water, so drink enough fluid so that you don't become thirsty."

Click here to learn more about SIMEDHealth primary care!

Hepatitis: The Symptoms and The Vaccine

In 2016, 1,715 people died from Hepatitis B also know as HBV. May is Hepatitis Awareness Month, and we got the low down from Dr. Eric Svestka, board-certified primary care physician, to increase understanding about what this disease is.

What is hepatitis? What are its symptoms?

Hepatitis is an inflammation of the liver, but reasons for that inflammation are different between the three types.

Hepatitis A, or HAV, is very different from B & C and spreads through contaminated food. Dr. Svestka says, most people do experience symptoms from it like initially nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, and fever. Though later, most people will develop jaundice, which is yellowing of the skin and whites of the eyes.

Symptoms are usually mild or non-existent early in the infections of B and C. This is spread primarily through contact with infected blood – most commonly sex or sharing needles. This is how the virus spreads around so quickly as most individuals don't develop symptoms, and therefore, don't seek treatment.

In the US, the incidence of new HAV infections has been slowly increasing since 2010. New cases of HBV are relatively steady. However, the CDC estimates that there are between 850,000 – 2.2 million people with chronic Hepatitis B infection in the US.

Unfortunately, new cases of HCV have been steadily increasing over the last decade. The most recent estimates have 3.5 million Americans living with this chronic illness.

Why is hepatitis the epidemic it is?

With HBV and HCV, there is a possibility of it turning into a chronic infection, which means it'll last for longer than six months. Liver failure or liver cancers are possibilities if it develops into a chronic disease. 

Dr. Svestka says, "HAV does not become a chronic infection, unlike Hepatitis B & C, and about 95% of people who contract HAV will recover within 2-3 months."

What are the differences between all the vaccines?

Currently, there are vaccines available for HAV and HBV, but no vaccine for HCV. Children are now routinely vaccinated for both and most professions that carry a high risk of exposure also require the vaccines. Your primary care provider will be able to tell you if you are vaccinated and a blood test can tell you if you are protected against both HAV and HBV. HepA vaccine is recommended by the CDC for almost all travel outside of the United States.

If you are unsure about whether or not you've gotten the HAV or HBV vaccine or would like to discuss it more, you can make an appointment with Dr. Svestka for a screening here.

 

Caffeine: Should We Quit?

Ah, caffeine. The substance we all love to love. March is Caffeine Awareness Month and with 54% of Americans over the age of 18 consuming caffeine on a daily basis, awareness is important. We talked to Dr. David Lefkowitz about the good and bad effects of caffeine. 

 

How Does Caffeine Work?

 

Caffeine is a compound in the stimulant class. It works on certain receptors in your nervous system to cause the effects we discuss in the questions below.  It is the most widely consumed stimulant in the world, the reasons for which are a multitude.  It is relatively cheap, its effects help us perform and feel less tired, and it is found in drinks that billions of people enjoy every day: coffee, tea, and soda.

 

What Are Some Of The Good Effects Of Caffeine?

 

Caffeine is most beloved for its ability to enhance mental performance including alertness, arousal, and focus. It is also known to lessen the drowsiness that comes from lack of sleep.  This is why so many people enjoy a morning cup of coffee (or tea).  It can also be useful for treating headaches (in fact it is an ingredient in some headache medicines).  There are other possible benefits of caffeine (such as protecting the liver or reducing the risk of Parkinson’s Disease), but the studies are not clear on this and so more research would need to be done for us to know if this were factual or not. 

 

What Are Some Of The Bad Effects Of Caffeine?

 

Consuming high levels of caffeine can be associated with negative short-term effects, including anxiety, tremors, elevated blood pressure, and insomnia.  A high level would be more than 400mg of caffeine a day. For reference, an average cup of coffee has ~100mg of caffeine, a 12oz Coke has ~35mg caffeine, and an 8.3oz Red Bull has ~80mg caffeine.  Also, taking in too much caffeine can cause arrhythmias (irregular heart rhythms) and, paradoxically, can actually cause headaches.  Yes, I know earlier I said that we use caffeine to treat headaches, but its use can also cause them. In fact, the number one side effect of caffeine withdrawal are headaches. 

 

If Someone Wants To Cut Back On Their Caffeine Intake, What Is A Healthy Way For Them To Make That Happen?

 

Cutting back on caffeine can be tricky because caffeine withdrawal is a real thing. Again, headaches are the main side effect reported, but people also complain of fatigue, irritability, and depressed mood.  If you want to cut back or need to cut back (for example in pregnancy it is recommended to consume no more than 200mg of caffeine per day), I would suggest gradually decreasing your consumption over one to two weeks.  If you do go through caffeine withdrawal, it will typically last less than ten days. However, if you “wean” yourself down slowly you really shouldn’t have much of a problem.

Dr. Lefkowitz is a primary care physician, and to make an appointment with him click here

SIMEDHealth Welcomes Dr. DeMori - Now Accepting New Patients!

SIMEDHealth Primary Care welcomes Gabriele DeMori, MD to our team. Dr. DeMori received his medical degree from the West Virginia University School of Medicine.  He completed his Internship and Residency in Internal Medicine at Shands Hospital at the University of Florida and is Board Certified in Internal Medicine. Dr. Demori will be available to see patients in our Gainesville office location beginning January 2nd

He is an expert in adult primary and preventative health and can help to diagnose and treat for: acute illness, cold/flu, blood pressure, diabetes and cholesterol management, vaccinations and physicals.

To schedule an appointment with Dr. DeMori, click here or please call SIMEDHealth Primary Care at (352) 224-2225.

 

Everything You Need to Know About Cholesterol

We hear it all the time: high cholesterol causes health problems. According to the CDC, 78 million U.S. adults (nearly 37%) have cholesterol levels where experts recommend cholesterol medicine or had other health conditions putting them at high risk for heart disease and stroke. We know that too much cholesterol is bad, but what exactly is cholesterol and how can we keep it under control?

We sat down with Dr. Shelley Roque of SIMEDHealth Gainesville Primary Care to learn more.

 

What is cholesterol?

A substance found in the blood that your body uses to build cells. The liver makes all the cholesterol for your body, the rest comes from animal products, such as meat, poultry, butter, cheese, and milk.  Some oils, such as palm oil, palm kernel oil, and coconut oil, can also trigger your liver to make more cholesterol. Foods high in saturated and trans fats cause your liver to make more cholesterol than normal, potentially bringing a person’s cholesterol level from a normal one to an unhealthy one.

How does it affect our health?

Since cholesterol circulates in the blood, if you have too much of the bad kind or not enough of the good kind, the cholesterol can slowly build up in the inner walls of arteries. This cholesterol build-up in the arteries can join with other substances to form a thick, hard deposit, potentially blocking arteries.  The narrowing  and decreased flexibility of arteries from the cholesterol build up is called "atherosclerosis". Atherosclerosis causes decreased blood flow to the organs that the arteries feed, putting people with atherosclerosis at a higher risk of heart attacks, strokes, and other health problems .

Is there good cholesterol and bad cholesterol?

Some call LDL cholesterol the “bad” cholesterol because having high levels can lead to atherosclerosis, and  increases your risk of heart attacks, strokes, and peripheral vascular disease (disorder of the circulatory system outside of the brain and heart) .

Some call HDL the “good” cholesterol because people with high HDL levels tend to have a decreased risk of heart attacks, strokes, and peripheral vascular disease. It is believed that HDL helps  carry excess LDL cholesterol away from arteries and back to the liver, where LDL is broken down and removed from the body. But only 1/3-1/4 of blood cholesterol is carried by HDL so it does not completely remove LDL.

What are symptoms of high cholesterol?

Sometimes people do not have any symptoms of high cholesterol since it can take time for cholesterol to build up enough in the arteries to become those hard atherosclerotic plaques, and start to cause significant blockages in the circulatory system. Overtime, however, as the blood flow to certain organs starts to decrease, organs will receive less and less oxygen. Your body needs oxygen, so when parts of your body do not get the oxygen it needs, it will not work as well.

So, for instance, if there is decreased blood flow to the heart, a person may start to feel chest pain. If there is decreased blood to the brain, depending on which part of the brain is affected, a person may start to feel numbness, tingling, weakness, slurred speech. If there is decreased blood flow to the legs, a person may start to notice skin changes, such as darker skin, less hair, pain. There is a wide array of symptoms a person can feel from high cholesterol. It all just depends on the extent of build up in the arteries, and which organs are being affected by the blockages.

What are common myths (if any) associated with cholesterol?

LDL is not really a bad cholesterol. We actually need that cholesterol  to help make protective walls around cells and certain hormones, so it is necessary for our body to have. However, having too much of it is what makes it “bad” since its build up in the arteries is what can set off the cascade of events that cause atherosclerosis  (i.e. plaque build up in arteries, see above ).

Are their any foods that might help to lower cholesterol?

There are foods you can avoid, and those are the ones that have a lot of saturated fat, such as red meat, butter, fried foods, cheese. Foods that can help lower your cholesterol are those that have more soluble fiber, such as fruits, oats, barley, beans, peas.

Technically, a vegan diet doesn’t have any animal products, so that could help lower your cholesterol if you really wanted to avoid dietary cholesterol. However, being vegan is not for everyone,  so generally a healthy diet includes a lot of fruits, vegetables, whole grains, beans, peas, lentils, chickpeas, nuts, some fish, and some milk and milk products.

I often recommend a Mediterranean-style diet for my patients with high cholesterol because it is the closest to the American Heart Association’s dietary recommendations.

 

What tips can you provide to help patients keep their cholesterol in check?

Stay active, try to exercise regularly. Work on losing weight if you are overweight. Avoid foods high in saturated fats. Avoid other risk factors that can make cholesterol build up in arteries worse, such as cigarette smoking and high blood pressure. Finally, follow up with your primary care physician regularly to see if you need to have your cholesterol checked.

 

If you need help keep your cholesterol in check, be sure to request an appointment with your SIMEDHealth physician.

 

SIMEDHealth Electronic Check-in Now in Gainesville Primary Care

You may have noticed a few changes in our clinics, as SIMED has transitioned to SIMEDHealth. The biggest change so far is our new electronic check-in system.

After testing this system in our Gainesville Neurology, Neurosurgery and newly renovated primary care suite, we are excited to announce the addition of this system in our Urgent Care clinic and Gainesville Primary Care clinics.

This E-check-in system allows for less paperwork, secure transfer of health information and an improved patient experience. It may seem complex but is actually fairly simple.

As appointment times approach, patients will receive a reminder notification and be prompted to fill out paperwork via text message or email. Once patients arrive, they’ll need to briefly complete their registration on an electronic pad (shown above). This allows our patients to spend less time in a waiting room and more time with their providers. With less paperwork to sift through, clinic staff and physicians can focus on delivering personalized care to patients.

Our E-check-in system also allows patients to verify insurance coverage before exams and pay all remaining balances on their accounts.

The system is held to the Payment Card Industry Data Security Standard (PCI DSS), is registered as an approved solution with Visa and MasterCard, and uses top encryption and security technology to protect your financial information. Your credit card information will never be saved in the system, and staff members will also only be able to see the last four digits of your credit card number to ensure the data is unusable in the event of a breach. The new electronic check-in system meets the strict security requirements of the healthcare industry to ensure patients are protected. All the information you enter is private, secure, and never stored in a physical location.

At SIMEDHealth, we are always looking for new ways to make our patient experience more efficient and personalized. We’re excited to be able to offer this new feature in our Gainesville Primary Care and Urgent Care clinics and look forward to keeping our patients in the best of health.

Keep an eye out for more announcements about our E-check-in system as we introduce it to more clinics in our practice.

Have questions? Contact us here

Need an appointment? Click here

Simed Opens Clinic of The Future

Over one month ahead of schedule, SIMED has completed the renovation of its primary care clinic. The new offices of Dr. Lefkowitz, Svestka and Roque open Wednesday, February 28, and feature updates to help doctors and staff deliver the highest quality of care.  

“I will miss my colleagues in suite 11, but I am looking forward to working with the new staff in Suite 7 and working with a new system that will enhance patient care and the patient experience,” said Dr. Shelley Roque referring to SIMED's new electronic check-in system.

With this system, patients can securely check in for appointments, fill out paperwork and send their medical history directly to their primary care doctor. They will also be able to verify health insurance and securely pay for their visit.  

The patient's medical and financial information is private, secure and never stored in a physical location. Click here for more information on this technology.

"I am most excited about beginning the process of shifting our patients' time at their doctor's office to a more welcoming, relaxed and enjoyable experience," said Dr. Eric Svestka 

Suite 7, in SIMED's Gainesville 4343 location, has been redesigned to improve convenience and accessibility for primary care patients. With a new color scheme and lots of sunlight peering through the windows, this suite will provide a calming atmosphere to current and future SIMED patients.

 

Take a look at the new primary care suite below!

 

Lose Weight and Eat Healthy: Learn How

Eating a healthy breakfast can lead to weight loss

Eat Healthy and Lose Weight: New Year’s Resolution

Thank you to everyone who submitted their New Year’s resolution for the Health Goals 2018 Project. New Year’s Resolution #3 was submitted by Nina of Ocala. Nina wants to “lose belly fat and eat healthy!”

Dr. Eric Svestka, a SIMED Gainesville primary care physician who loves healthy eating, provided advice on how to achieve weight loss and a healthy food lifestyle.

How to Lose Weight

The one way to lose weight and belly fat is through dietary restrictions. Evidence has shown that you can’t exercise off weight because exercise only burns a minimal amount of calories when compared to your much larger basal metabolic rate. Exercise is still a cornerstone of a healthy lifestyle and reduces your risk of heart disease, high blood pressure, high cholesterol, cancer, and similar issues.

There are two ways to approach weight loss through dieting. The first way could be called nuclear change. On day one, the individual would change everything about their entire diet. The second, more effective way, is to make gradual changes.

Making Gradual Changes

Drinking smoothies with vegetables like those in this colorful photo helps to lose weight.

Making gradual changes is more likely to stick in the long term. To do this, you would pick a small victory or adjustment to make to your diet each week. For example, you could add a vegetable to every meal or try not to get calories from liquids (aside from milk). Only tackle one change at time. When you have successfully made that change for a period of time, approach an additional change, like eating fruit for dessert instead of a cupcake.

Your goal is to limit and remove as much processed food as possible and substitute it for unprocessed natural foods. You should also be limiting how much you actually consume.

How to Make Healthy Eating Affordable

1. Drink water. – Water is free. If you increase your water intake, you’ll feel fuller. Drinking 16 ounces of water before a meal will make the meal feel more fulfilling to you. Studies have shown that drinking water right before a meal can lead you to lose up to four pounds.
2. Buy healthy food in bulk. – Plan ahead and make batches of snacks. Package your lunches for the week in advance to make sure you don’t end up calling a fast food place at lunch time. When you wake up, just grab your prepackaged lunches and go.
3. If you’re planning to indulge, make the food at home. – Instead of buying brownies or cookies, make them yourself. There’s less sugar, fat, and salt in homemade baked desserts. While eating desserts isn’t going to help you lose weight, homemade is a better alternative to store-bought.

The Difference Between Healthy Eating and Eating to Lose Weight

Losing weight only pertains to calories. Healthy eating means giving your body high quality fuel, ideally in the form of unprocessed foods. In an ideal situation, you would combine the two.

Reusable water bottles like those below are perfect for weight lossMonitor Your Liquids

Liquids are one of the biggest problems for both unhealthy and overweight eaters. Liquids don’t make you feel as full but still give you calories. Drinking milk and black coffee is okay, but everything else should be avoided or considered with discretion.

Smoothies are a really good opportunity to work healthy fruit and vegetables into your diet. Try to add in vegetables like kale and spinach and proteins like almond butter and peanut butter to diversify and add more nutrition to your smoothie. Be cautious of how many calories you’re putting in as you can quickly reach and top 500 calories with only 3 or 4 ingredients.

 

If you would like additional advice on weight loss and healthy eating, you can schedule an appointment with Dr. Svestka in Gainesville. You can reach him at (352) 377-1874 or by requesting an appointment online.

To see another SIMED primary care doctor in Gainesville, Ocala, Chiefland, Lady Lake, or McIntosh, call (352) 224-2225 or schedule an appointment online.

Thank you Nina for submitting your resolution. We can’t wait to see you achieve it.